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A list of key readings about Memetics.
Please sort and annotate in a user-friendly manner. For formatting, consider using automated reference wikification.

Preliminary listing from Journal of Memetics, needs formatting for CZ, including links to items listed, and needs filling in and updating.

  1. Ackley, D. 1994. A Case for Distributed Lamarkian Evolution. In Artificial Life III. Addison-Wesley.
  2. Adler, E. 1989. Cognitive Evolution: A dynamic approach for the study of international relations and their progress CSIA working papers 89-4. Center for Science & International Affairs, JFK School of Government, Harvard University.
  3. Alexander, R.D. 1987. The Biology of Moral Systems. Aldine de Gruyter.
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  5. Altenberg, L. 1984. A Generalization of Theory on the Evolution of Modifier Genes. PhD Thesis, Stanford University (available from University Microfilms, Ann Arbor, MI.)
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  9. Bak, P., Tang, C., & Weisenfeld, K. 1988. Self-organized criticality. Phys. Rev. A 38: 364.
 10. Ball, J. 1984. Memes as replicators. In: Ethology and Sociobiology, Vol. 5(3) 145-161.
 11. Bateson, G. 1972. Steps to an Ecology of Mind. Ballantine Books.
 12. Baker, A.J. & Jenkins, P. F. 1987. Founder effect and cultural evolution of songs in an isolated population of chaffinches. Anim. Behav., 35, 1793-1803.
 13. Baum, J.A.C. & Sigh, J.V., eds. 1994. Evolutionary Dynamics of Organizations. Oxford University Press.
 14. Begun, D.J. & Aquadro, C.F. 1992. Levels of naturally occurring DNA polymorphism correlate with recombination rates in D. melanogaster. Nature, 356, p. 519-520.
 15. Benedict, R. 1934. Patterns of Culture. Houghton-Mifflin.
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 17. Bloom, H. 1995.The Lucifer Principle: A Scientific Expedition into the Forces of History. Atlantic Monthly Press.
 18. Boden, M. A. 1991. The Creative Mind: Myths and Mechanisms. Cambridge University Press.
 19. Bonner, J. T. 1980. The Evolution of Culture in Animals. Princeton University Press.
 20. Bowers, K. S., Regehr, G., Balthazard, C. & Parker, K. 1990. Intuition in the context of discovery. Cognitive Psychology, 22:72-110.
 21. Boulding, K. E. 1978. Ecodynamics: A New Theory of Societal Evolution. Sage Publications.
 22. Boulding, K.E. 1981. Evolutionary Economics.
 23. Brandon, R.N. 1988. The levels of selection: A hierarchy of interactors. In (H.C. Plotkin, ed.) The Role of Behavior in Evolution. MIT Press.
 24. Brown, J. C. & Greenhood, W.1983. Paternity, Jokes and Song: A Possible Evolutionary Scenario for the Origin of Language and Mind. In: Cultural Futures Research, 8, 2, Winter.
 25. Boyd, R. & Richerson, P.J. 1985. Culture and the Evolutionary Process. University of Chicago Press.
 26. Bresson C. 1987. The evolutionary paradigm and the economics of technological change. Journal of Economical Issues, Vol. XXI no. 2, June, 751-762.
 27. Brodie, R. 1996. Virus of the Mind: The New Science of the Meme. Integral Press.
 28. Calvin, W. 1996. The Cerebral Code: Thinking a Thought in the Mosaics of the Mind. MIT Press.
 29. Calvin, W. 1996. How Brains Think: Evolving Intelligence, Then and Now. Basic Books.
 30. Calvin, W. 1997. The Six Essentials? Minimal Requirements for the Darwinian Bootstrapping of Quality. J. Memetics - Evol. Models Inf. Transm., Vol. 1.
 31. Campbell, D .T. 1965. Variation and selective retention in socio-cultural evolution. In (H.R. Barringer, G.I. Blanksten, & R.W. Mack, eds.) Social Change in Developing Areas, a Reinterpretation of Evolutionary Theory. Schenkman Publishing Co.
 32. Campbell, D. T. 1974. Evolutionary Epistemology. In (P.A. Schlipp, ed.) The Library of Living Philosophers, Vol. XIV: The Philosophy of Karl Popper. Open Court.
 33. Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. & Feldman, M. W. 1973. Cultural versus biological inheritance: phenotypic transmission from parents to children. Human Genetics 25: 618-637.
 34. Cavalli-Sforza, L. L. & Feldman, M. W. 1981. Cultural transmission and evolution: A quantitative approach, Princeton University Press.
 35. Cloak, F. T. 1975. Is a cultural ethology possible? Human Ecology 3: 161-182.
 36. Clark & Calestous. 1987. Long-run Economics: An Evolutionary Approach.
 37. Coombs. R., Saviotti P, & Walsh V., eds. 1992. Technological Change and Company Strategies: economic and sociological perspectives. Academic Press.
 38. Costall, A. 1991. The meme meme. Cultural Dynamics 4: 321-335.
 39. Csanyi, V. 1989. Evolutionary Systems and Society: A General Theory of Life, Mind and Culture. Duke University Press.
 40. Csikszentmihalyi, M. 1993. The Evolving Self. HarperCollins.
 41. Darwin, C. 1871. The Descent of Man. John Murray Publications.
 42. Darwin, C. 1985. The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. Edited with and introduction by J.W. Burrow. Penguin Classics. First published by John Murray 1859.
 43. Dawkins, R. 1976, 1982. The Selfish Gene. Oxford University Press.
 44. Dawkins, R. 1982. Organisms, groups and memes: replicators or vehicles? In: The Extended Phenotype. Oxford University Press. pp. 97-117.
 45. Dawkins, R., 1993. Viruses of the mind. In (B. Dalhbom, ed.) Dennett and His Critics: Demystifying Mind. Blackwell.
 46. Dawkins, R. 1993. Is religion just a disease? The Daily Telegraph, Wednesday December 15, p. 18.
 47. Dennett, D. 1990. Memes and the exploitation of imagination. J Aesthetics Art Criticism 48: 127-135.
 48. Dennett, D. 1991. Consciousness Explained. Penguin Books.
 49. Dennett, D. 1996. Darwins dangerous idea. The Sciences 35: 34-40.
 50. Depew, D. & Weber, B.H. (eds). 1986. Evolution at a Crossroads: The New Biology and the New Philosophy of Science. MIT Press.
 51. Donald, M. 1991. Origins of the Modern Mind: Three Stages in the Evolution of Culture and Cognition. Harvard University Press.
 52. Dosi, G., Pavitt, K., & Soete, L. 1990. The Economics of Technical Change and International Trade. Harvester Wheatsheaf.
 53. Drexler, K. E. 1987. Hypertext publishing and the evolution of knowledge. Social Intelligence, Vol. 1, No. 2, p. 87-120.
 54. Durham, W. H. 1991. Coevolution: Genes, Culture, and Human Diversity. Stanford University Press.
 55. Edelman, G. 1992. Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind. Basic Books.
 56. Edmonds, B. 1997. Modelling Bounded Rationality using Evolutionary Techniques. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 1305, 31-42.
 57. Fog, A. 1997. Cultural R/K Selection. J. Memetics - Evol. Models Inf. Transm., Vol. 1.
 58. Freeman C. 1991. Innovation, changes of techno-economic paradigm and biological anologies in economics. Revue Economique No. 2, p. 211-232.
 59. Gabora, L. M. 1995. Meme and variations: A computational model of cultural evolution. In (D. Stein Ed.) 1993 Lectures in Complex Systems. Addison-Wessley.
 60. Gabora, L. M. 1996. A day in the life of a meme. Philosophica, 57, 901-938. Reprinted in (P. van Loocke, ed.) The Nature, Representation, and Evolution of Concepts. Routledge.
 61. Gabora, L. M. 1997. Memetics: The creative spark. Wired 5.06, June.
 62. Gabora, L. M. 1997. The Origin and Evolution of Culture and Creativity" J. Memetics - Evol. Models Inf. Transm., Vol. 1.
 63. Gatherer, D. 1997. Macromemetics and the Re-unification of Philosophy. J. Memetics - Evol. Models Inf. Transm., Vol. 1.
 64. Ghiselin, M. T. 1982. On mechanisms of cultural evolution, and the evolution of language and the common law. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 5 , p. 11.
 65. Gould, S. J. 1982. Darwinism and the Expansion of Evolutionary Theory. Science , 216, pp. 380-387.
 66. Gould, S. J. 1994. The Evolution of Life on Earth. Scientific American , 271, October, 4. pp. 84-91.
 67. Greene, P. J. 1978. From genes to memes? Contemporary Sociology 7, 06-709.
 68. Goerner, S. J. 1994. Chaos and the Evolving Ecological Universe. Gordon and Breach.
 69. Guilford, J. P. 1979. Some incubated thoughts on incubation. Journal of Creative Behavior, 13, 1-8.
 70. Hanann, M. T., & Freeman, J. 1989. Organizational Ecology. Harvard University Press.
 71. Hanush, H. 1988. Evolutionary Economics. Cambridge. Hays, D. G. 1993. The Evolution of Technology Through Four Cognitive Ranks. Connected Education.
 72. Hays, D. G. 1993. The Evolution of Expressive Culture. Journal of Social and Evolutionary Systems 15(2): 187-215.
 73. Heyes, C. M. & Plotkin, H. C. 1989. Replicators and interactors in cultural evolution. In (M. Ruse, ed.) What the philosophy of biology is: Essays dedicated to David Hull. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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 75. Hodgson, G. 1991. Economic Evolution: Intervention contra pangloss. Journal of Economical Issues, Vol. XXV No. 2 June.
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 78. Hodgson, G. 1993. Theories of Economic Evolution: A Preliminary Taxonomy. The Manchester School Vol LXI No. 2 June, 0025-2034, 125-134.
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 82. Hoenigswald, H. M. & Wiener, L. S. 1987. Biological Metaphor and Cladistics Classification. Francis Pinter Publishers.
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