Alabama (U.S. state)
Alabama is medium-sized state in southeast U.S. on the Gulf of Mexico. It became a state in 1819 and, in the American Civil War (1861-1865), was one of the eleven states that seceded the U.S. to form the Confederate States of America. The state capital is Montgomery, Alabama, and the largest city is Birmingham, Alabama.
Historically, Alabama has a record of racial tension. In the 1960s, Martin Luther King organized civil rights protests in Alabama and was once jailed in Birmingham (where he wrote "Letter from Birmingham Jail"). Alabama was also the site of the notorious incident in which Governor George Wallace stood at a college gate blocking the entry of an African-American student in an attempt to halt desegregation.
See Alabama, history for more information.
After the Civil War, Alabama was a part of the Solid South that consistently supported the Democratic Party. However, after the Civil Rights Movement in the mid-1900s, along with other Southern states Alabama shifted Republican. The state is considered a bastion of conservatives and the Republican Party dominates Alabaman politics, with senators Jeff Sessions and Richard Shelby, Governor Bob Riley, and an overwhelming majority of the House of Representatives being Republican.