Afrikaner nationalism is considered to have been "awakened" among Afrikaans-speaking South Africans during the latter half of the nineteenth century, once the discovery of diamonds and gold threatened the independence of the Orange Free State and Transvaal Republics.
Afrikaner nationalism and apartheid
Afrikaner nationalism in the post-apartheid era
- See especially F.A. van Jaarsveld, The Awakening of Afrikaner Nationalism, 1868-1881. Cape Town: Human and Rousseau, 1961.